CROATIAN-ENGLISH CHEMISTRY
DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY

 

Results 1–10 of 51 for greenhouse effect
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greenhouse effect   →   efekt staklenika

See Global warming


Joule-Thomson’s effect   →   Joule-Thomsonov efekt

Temperature of ideal gas will not be changed when it is repressed to a lower pressure, but when real gases are repressed to a lower pressure, a lower or higher temperature change appears under high pressures. The temperature change which appears at real gas expansion in a system into which energy is not brought is called Joule-Thomson’s effect. It was determined that when air is repressed by 1 bar, its temperature drops by 0.25 °C. That minute effect is completely irrelevant for most technical processes, but is also used in gas liquefying procedure.


Meissner effect   →   Meissnerov efekt

Meissner effect is the complete exclusion of magnetic induction from the interior of a superconductor.


Peltier effect   →   Peltierov efekt

Peltier effect is the absorption or generation of heat (depending on the current direction) which occurs when an electric current is passed through a junction between two materials.


photoelectric effect   →   fotoelektrični efekt

Photoelectric effect is the complete absorption of a photon by a solid with the emission of an electron. The energy of a photon () is

= Ei +
mv2 / 2

piezoelectric effect   →   piezoelektrični efekt

Piezoelectric effect is voltage produced between surfaces of a solid dielectric (nonconducting substance) when a mechanical stress is applied to it. A small current may be produced as well. The effect, discovered by the French physicist Pierre Curie (1859-1906) in 1883, is exhibited by certain crystals, e.g., quartz and Rochelle salt, and ceramic materials. When a voltage is applied across certain surfaces of a solid that exhibits the piezoelectric effect, the solid undergoes a mechanical distortion. Piezoelectric materials are used in transducers, e.g., phonograph cartridges, microphones, and strain gauges, which produce an electrical output from a mechanical input, and in earphones and ultrasonic radiators, which produce a mechanical output from an electrical input.


Raman effect   →   Ramanov efekt

Raman effect is a type of scattering of electromagnetic radiation in which light suffers a change in frequency and a change in phase as it passes through a material medium. Named according to the Indian physicist C. V. Raman (1889-1970). The intensity of Raman scattering is about one-thousandth of that in Rayleigh scattering in liquids.


Tyndall’s effect   →   Tyndallov efekt

Tyndall’s effect occurs when light disperses on colloid particles. This phenomenon can be seen when a ray of light enters in dark room through a small hole. In the beam some dust particles of colloid dimensions can be seen sparkling.


Zeeman effect   →   Zeemanov efekt

Zeeman effect is the splitting of the lines in a spectrum when the source of the spectrum is exposed to a magnetic field. The effect was discovered in 1896 by the Dutch physicist Pieter Zeeman (1865-1943) as a broadening of the yellow D-lines of sodium in a flame held between strong magnetic poles.

The Zeeman effect has helped physicists determine the energy levels in atoms. In astronomy, the Zeeman effect is used in measuring the magnetic field of the Sun and of other stars.

Zeeman effect

effective nuclear charge   →   efektivni naboj jezgre

Effective nuclear charge. (Zeff) is the nuclear charge experienced by an electron when other electrons are shielding the nucleus.


 

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